Judicial System – Azerbaijan
The legislation of Azerbaijan has established principles of justice: equality before the law, fair implementation of justice by the independent court, principle of presumption of innocence. The judicial branch includes Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, and Economic Court. The President nominates the judges in these three Courts, subject to approval by the Milli Majlis.
The Constitutional Court consists of nine judges and is authorized to review constitutionality of the laws of Azerbaijan, Presidential decrees, and regulations of the central government authorities, signatures on treaties, and the settlement of disputes connected to the division of power between the legislative and executive branches.
The Supreme Court of Azerbaijan is the highest judicial body in civil, criminal, administrative and other cases that are referred to it by the general courts. Moreover, it exercises control over the activity of the general courts. Judges of the Supreme Court are nominated by the President and approved by the Milli Majlis.
The Economic Court of Azerbaijan is the highest legal body deciding economic disputes. Judges to the Economic Court are appointed in the similar manner as to the other high courts.
The three-level judicial system consists of courts of first appearance, courts of appeal and court of reversal. According to this judicial system such new courts as the Court of Appeal, the Court on Grave Crimes, the Military Court on Grave Crimes, local economic courts, the Economic Court have been established.