Azerbaijan Guide on Net Blog
The major domestic and international issue affecting Azerbaijan is the military aggression by Armenia against Azerbaijan. The current conflict began in 1988 when Armenia, supported by the Soviet authorities, started a military aggression against Azerbaijan with the territorial claims for the Nagorno Karabakh region of Azerbaijan.
The performance of Azerbaijan in achieving macroeconomic stability and resumption of growth since 1995 has been impressive. Azerbaijan’s fiscal and monetary management, accompanied by favourable global economic trends have significantly improved the country’s macroeconomic situation.
Azerbaijan Republic comprises Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, 66 administrative regions, 70 towns, and 4,272 villages.
The Constitution of Azerbaijan, mandating no state religion, allows all faiths to be practiced freely. The majority of Azerbaijanis are Shia Muslims. In a spirit of tolerance, the mosques in Azerbaijan serve both the Shia and the Sunni religious communities.
Azerbaijan is a member of the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) …
The legislation of Azerbaijan has established principles of justice: equality before the law, fair implementation of justice by the independent court, principle of presumption of innocence. The judicial branch includes Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, and Economic Court. The President nominates the judges in these three Courts, subject to approval by the Milli Majlis.
The highest legislative body of Azerbaijan is Milli Majlis. It is a 125-member unicameral parliament. Members are elected for a 5-year term, all of them from territorial districts. Universal suffrage age is 18.
The Constitution of Azerbaijan and a series of laws passed in the second half of the 1990s reflect the aspiration to institute a democratic system of government in Azerbaijan and establish its formal mechanisms and institutions.
Azerbaijan is located in the South Caucasus. From the east Azerbaijan is washed by the Caspian Sea, in the west it borders Armenia and Georgia, in the north – Russia, in the south-west – Turkey and in the south – Iran.
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